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Member advice Q and A Keukenhof Gardens

Enjoy the full versions of the readers' letters in our latest issue, along with your chance to reply

Edited versions of these letters feature in our July/August and May/June 2019 issues but are published here in full, along with replies where relevant.

If you’d like to contact us in response to any of these letters, or any other issue, you can email the Boundless magazine team at hello@boundlessmag.co.uk

Thanks to the volunteers

Yet another wonderful Spring mini-break to blow away those Brexit blues and remind us what we might be missing in the future, should European travel become too complicated and expensive. Keukenhof Gardens Spring Exhibition must be the Dutch equivalent of our Chelsea Flower Show. A mind-blowing assault on our visual and olfactory senses. I even made friends with a psychedelic cow!

Our sincerest thanks and congratulations to the Social Committee, especially Trevor and Barbara, for organising another top-grade mini-break. They even managed to get our 60,000 ton luxury ferry dry-docked for a few hours while we were all away enjoying the floral spectacular. Apparently it required its annual hull inspection.Which takes me, and possibly several other members, back to those school days and the question:‘Why did the diver blush?’ The answer being: ‘Because he saw Queen Mary's bottom!’

My lady-friend and I always keenly anticipate this very special trip: this is our third visit to Keukenhof and we even managed to join another terrific Boundless excursion last year to see the floral spectacular at Zundert, the birthplace of Van Gogh.

Thanks very much to everyone who works so hard to arrange these great opportunities for us. We cannot wait for next year's Dutch treat. Make sure you don't miss it!

Jonathan Ward

Unpredictable Picos

Riaño is indeed a fine base from which to explore the Picos de Europa and I spent a very happy week there in the summer on 2017 in temperatures of 30C+, swimming most afternoons in the commune's huge, modern, lakeside, outdoor heated swimming pool.

Accordingly, I visited again in the the summer of 2018. Upon arrival in temperatures of barely 7C, I found that a hurricane the day before had generated a huge land-slip into the swimming pool rendering it OOS for days and later that evening I was dodging hailstones the size of conkers. I decamped the following day a few hundred kms to brilliant Salamanca where the temperatures were once again in the thirties centigrade.

These two entirely different experiences at the same time of year well illustrate the variability of high mountain area weather.

Peter Forrest

Peter Forrest discovered the weather in the Picos can be rather inconsistent

A word of warning

Recently my car would not start at home so I called out the RAC. They came and fixed it very quickly. I then asked the patrol man to check my battery and as it was showing signs of being near its end of life I asked him if he carried batteries with him. He said he could fit a new battery so I accepted this. When he told me the price was £192.99 I was very surprised but as it is an ENHANCED FLOODED (Stop Start battery) I had no idea of their cost: all my previous batteries had been simple lead acids ones. He told me that if I could find a cheaper battery locally within 7 days then the RAC would refund the difference. Of course it had to be an identical battery.

That seemed very fair so I had the RAC battery fitted. The new battery works fine but I thought I would check with my local motorist shop what was their price so I drove there and the man looked at my new battery and said he could supply an exact replacement for £107.50. I was quite surprised at the difference (£85.49) so I emailed the RAC to ask for a refund. In their reply they said that my quotation had to match theirs in every respect and in this case the RAC warranty is for four years and my local quote was for three years. As it is unlikely that either battery would fail in four years I now wish that I had checked before I accepted the RAC price.

So my warning is that if you find yourself in the same situation as I did: check the price at your local motorist shop before deciding to accept an RAC quote. Note that if you breakdown away from home then you will probably not have the option of using your local motorist's shop and you may be pleased to pay the RAC prices for the convenience of having it fitted straight away.

John Leake

Beemers, beemers everywhere

Why is it, whenever I’m driving, I am surrounded by BMW’s cars? Looking to the left, right or even in the rear view mirror, the cars that always appear are BMW or an Audi. Obviously they must be great reliable motors, and expensive as well, speaks for itself. But there must be other cars that equal their standards of workmanship.

How I enjoyed the article in the May issue, Fuel Stations of the Future. Although this is the way forward, it could lead to future searching, and frustrating situations. Even looking for a conventional petrol station can be quite nail-biting. A repeat of the 1970s fuel crisis – you searched, and if you were luck to spot a fuel station with a supply, or boarded up with the words ‘out of fuel’. Or the arguments and sometimes fights. Let’s hope history doesn’t repeat itself.

JE Horton

Two-wheeled EVs

In the current hype over introducing electric vehicles has the resulting danger to pedestrians and cyclists been considered? At present we partly rely on hearing the approach of a conventionally powered vehicle, but electric ones are almost silent.

Perhaps a requirement for such vehicles to emit a small sound, not as loud as a siren or the current reversing warning, but something that would warn pedestrians, cyclist etc. and thus avoid accidents.

Meanwhile why is the UK so slow at introducing electrically powered small motorbikes or mopeds? Electric bikes are very popular here but we rarely see the electric mopeds, trikes etc. that would be very convenient, especially in cities where pollution is a great problem. They seem to be abundant in other countries.

Di Hillage

Holiday dilemma

I have been a member of CSMA for many years and have always enjoyed your magazines, but I do not recall ever seeing holiday articles or advertisements for single people. My wife unfortunately is in a home, I am 85 still very active and would really like to take a holiday or short break booking as a single person without paying supplements or paying for two.

Holiday brochures, adverts and holiday articles never seem to cater for people like me. Two years ago out of frustration I booked a 2 bedroom cottage to share a holiday with a friend who had recently lost his wife.

When we arrived to collect the keys the owner took one look at us refused to give us the keys and said she didn’t let to gays! After I straightened her out, suggesting what she could do with her keys we finally had a holiday. But, how embarrassing! So, how about it Boundless, a holiday article for still active old codgers like me would be much appreciated.

Don Welton

We’ve sent you a copy of our Travelling Solo feature, but admittedly that was published in 2017. Watch this space. Ed.

Financial challenges

I read with interest Jasmine Birtles’ piece on avoiding the IHT trap in the May/June 2019 edition of the Boundless magazine. However, before everyone goes out reducing their financial assets, it should be remembered that, under current legislation, whilst reducing IHT liability may be subject to seven year tapering, there is no delimiter when it comes to the calculation of finances for the purposes of applying for local authority financial assistance in respect of care costs.

Any such reductions in financial assets may be deemed a deliberate deprivation of (financial) assets so if you were relying on local authority funding being available for your care in old age you may be sorely disappointed. In any event, many care and nursing homes will only accept self-funded residents and with annual fees of around £50K-75K in some areas a healthy pot of readily available finance is essential if residential care or nursing should become necessary.

Following the recent publication of the House of Lords report upon intergenerational fairness, the existing elderly can expect an even greater burden being placed upon their financial resources in order to accommodate their old age, further exacerbated by higher incidences of dementia and other age-related conditions. An article from Jasmine upon the financial challenges of growing old would certainly be welcome!

Geoff Slater

Brooklands’ banking

I was very interested in the article on racing at Brooklands in your May/June issue.

In the 1980s I visited British Aerospace at Weybridge on business. After lunch my host took me to see a part of the old racing circuit which had been preserved on the site. I recall that towards the outer edge the concrete track was so steep that I could not stand upright on it. It really made me think about centrifugal force!

Neil Hancox

Cars line up on the famous Brooklands banking

Legal, but unacceptable

Vicki Butler-Henderson’s used her column in the May/June issue to highlight general ignorance of motoring law, and common myths. As an amusing look at a serious issue it mostly hit the mark but her item on not been arrested for driving with snow on your roof suggests that it is acceptable. It is not. At some point in your journey the snow on your roof will fall off. Some is likely to fall down your windscreen and block your vision whilst most is likely to fall off the back and create a hazard for other road users especially those on two wheels.

That is why the Highway Code contains the following advisory statement at Rule 229 "Before you set off remove all snow that might fall off into the path of other road users”. So although driving with snow on your roof is not illegal it is lazy, selfish and not acceptable practice.

Michael Newbound

Keep calm and carry on driving

Having been away for some time, and catching up on back issues of boundless, the comments regarding angry drivers were in contrast to my recent visit to Japan. They are certainly not slow, especially on motorways, but the aggression seen on UK roads is noticeably absent. What you immediately notice, is how quiet the roads are, no blowing car horns.

Drivers appear very patient, always giving way to pedestrians on crossings, or when entering parking lots or hotels, which often have a parking attendant with his baton, controlling the traffic. And there is a noticeable absence of old, untidy or damaged vehicles, of any type. Talking on a mobile on public transport is not allowed, as it’s considered impolite, and the same seems to apply to drivers.

Lessons there we could all adopt, to make driving in the UK a more pleasurable experience.

Jeff Cheers

I was interested to read Mike Segal's comment – attributed to The Buddha – that 'The only person hurt by your anger is yourself' and wholeheartedly agree with his implied view on the correspondence about the pointlessness of getting angry at other road users. Another version of this – which I have always tried to remember when try to remember before getting heated behind the wheel – is 'You will not be punished for your anger; you will be punished BY your anger (Wayne Dyer).

Alan Hurst

Fuel stations of the future

Thanks to Dan for his survey of the current state of play on electric vehicles and their charging facilities. I am in my fifth year of EV ownership – now a 30kW Nissan Leaf. Like many other EV owners I am wedded to this whisper quiet pollution free low maintenance means of transport. We think little of journeys of 250 miles which will get us to most of England. Granted, two charging stops will add time to our journey, but to offset that the cost of a 250 mile trip by electricity is about £10, whereas even with a car doing 50 to the gallon, the cost is nearer £30. Over many miles the difference really adds up, completely offsetting the greater purchase price of the EV.

Only twice in recent years have I had small inconveniences due to chargers being out of action, or denied due to inconsiderate parking by ICE’s. There is also the occasional frustration of being held up by another EV driver intent on gaining 100% charge, when the last 5% takes an age. But by far the greater amount of charging is done at home, cheaply and on renewable zero carbon energy from Octopus, at night when there is ample spare grid capacity.

You rightly point out that 1/3 of car owners do not have a garage. What you do not say is that there are plug in lamp post combinations on the market; and Government policy requires all new development to “be designed to enable charging of plug-in and other ultra-low emission vehicles in safe, accessible and convenient locations.” Whilst universal access is not straightforward, the motorist without parking space has not been forgotten. For instance TfL has contracted for 1,150 lamp post charging points by the end of 2020, helping households without off-street parking to move to plug-in vehicles, and reduce London’s chronic pollution problem.

The average commuter trip in the UK is about 10 miles. The average annual car mileage is just under 7000 miles. This means that for most people the trip outside the range of an EV is a relative rarity. Most EV users will be like me, doing the vast majority of charging at home, and occasionally using a rapid charge point, and even less occasionally making use of a charge point at a destination where we intend to stay overnight such as an hotel, or for a visit to a National Trust property (hats off to NT Wales).

The first question to me is always “what is the range”. My 90 mile practical range is not a problem. My first considerations are – low cost, no CO2 emissions, no noxious exhaust, then will I need to charge, and if so where?. Usually there is an easy answer (though don’t try mid Wales – but Scotland’s great) It is unfortunate that the charging network is a classic UK (government) cock up, but in general it works, and is getting better.

I am glad I’m not pumping out foul chemicals in the faces of others, and I look forward to the day when driving a fossil fuel propelled vehicle is as unacceptable as smoking now is. Really, really readers need to consider the cost in climate change terms and harm to all our bodies from the use of fossil fuels – the internal combustion engine must be a thing of the past – and it shouldn’t require a Swedish teenager to tell us what we all must know now, and what most of us knew all along.

Dave Ward

Your recent magazine coverage about electric vehicles (EVs) has not mentioned whether they present any health risks. Are they really a magic solution to polluting combustion engines, or will they present different problems? Complaints already exist that electricity pylons cause leukaemia and other ailments to nearby residents, yet Dan Read's article predicts that EVs will require a far more comprehensive electrical distribution system. Moreover, pavements have spectacularly exploded in London, as the cables beneath were unable to cope with their electric load.

Mobile phone signals from masts and phones are well known to affect our health, yet the current in the wireless charging facility predicted by Dan Read will no doubt be far greater. When all vehicles were horse drawn, it was feared that London would be buried by a yard of manure by 1900. Hence, having a variety of engine types for our vehicles seems preferable to predominantly relying upon just one type, as it results in a wider variety of problems, with a lesser magnitude of each.

Mark Gora

Dave Ward is happy charging ahead with his Nissan Leaf

Hydrogen fuel

Good to read Paul Horrel's article on hydrogen powered vehicles (FCEVs) however I would like to add a comment about the likely source of hydrogen. At present in the UK, the main source of hydrogen is from gas reforming in the petrochemicals industry, so most hydrogen is not from renewables. If it is generated by the electrolysis of water as Paul says, it is only carbon free if the electricity is from renewables, whereas most electrolysis is from the electric grid which is mainly from fossil fuels.

If the UK adopts the German model, then it will be generated locally at most filling stations using a mix of power from renewables and from the grid, depending on the location and the time of day. Just as car manufacturers are scrambling to get on the EV and FCEVs bandwagon, so are the oil companies investing in charging points and hydrogen filling stations.

BP has recently purchased the Chargemaster chain of EV charging points and Shell is big in hydrogen filling stations, particularly in Germany where there are well over 50 of them around their road arteries. As sales of FCEVs ramps up when their advantages over pure battery EVs are better understood, their prices will fall and become affordable for most of us. We have our second Nissan Leaf EV with a longer range, which is a delight to drive.

David Dundas

Adventures in the Lake District

I enjoyed your recent ‘Twist & Shout’ feature (March/April issue) on the new Alpine A110 'super' sports, a fabulous car. It brought back memories of our accidental ascent of the Hardknott Pass in 2015 in our Devon Monte Carlo motor home. Monty was based on a Renault Master LWB van, 6 metres long and weighed 3500kg. Not quite as agile as the Alpine. We were camping in Boot, Eskdale, a stunning part of the Lakes, and planned to visit the Roman Fort on Hardknott Pass, the Roman Road to Ravenglass. The fort was the highest in England and was home to 'Roman' soldiers from the Balkans.

We set off up the pass but unfortunately my navigator (the Boss) missed the signs saying 'Hardknott Fort' and 'Unsuitable for large vehicles'. The narrow road rapidly became almost vertical with tight bends and no chance of turning round. Soon we came to a grinding halt on a hellish hairpin, a rock face on the nearside and a sheer drop on the other. My tyres were scrabbling on the Tarmac, the clutch smoking, a string of cars inches from my rear bumper. Then the engine stalled and I had to hold the van on the handbrake whilst I 'danced' on the pedals, desperately trying to re-start... panic stations, even after 60 wonderful years of driving numerous scooters, motorbikes, dozens of cars and three motor homes (not at the same time!).

When we finally reached the top we were flagged down by an American tourist. She drawled: 'How in God’s name did you get up here?' It was a very good question. Then we had to get back down again, not recommended.

Malcolm Keighley

Mr Keighley’s letter reminded me of the first time I went over the Hardknott Pass in my own car. That was a 1934 Austin 10 that, due to its resemblance to a certain cartoon car, were usually referred to as ‘Noddy cars’. I successfully negotiated the Wrynose Pass and arrived at the Hardknott in close company with a Ford Cortina. The driver looked at Noddy and laughingly said ‘I hope you are not going to attempt to go over in that!’ ‘I have yet to see you do it’ was my reply. He got in his car, tore down the road and turned onto the pass proper.

He got about 30 metres or so and the engine cut out. He ran back down the hill and once on the level was able to start his car. He tried again with the same result and after a third failure he gave up. I put Noddy into first gear, put my foot against the bottom of the lever to make sure it did not jump out of gear and left the Ford driver with his mouth open as Noddy successfully went up and over the pass without missing a beat.

Bob and Rosemary Farmer

I salute Malcolm Keighley for managing to get a 3.5 tonne motor home over the Hardknott Pass (May/June issue). I traversed the pass in a 4x4 with auto gearbox on a beautiful sunny day with virtually no oncoming traffic but vowed never to do so again. My wife was so traumatised by the experience she refused to leave the car at our destination, Hardknott Roman Fort. My daughter, however, thought it was ‘mint’ and wanted to go back over!!

Roger Parnell

Lake District great drive: road trip up Hardknott Pass

We’re storing up parking problems

A new development of housing close to where I live, in Devon, has a single allocated parking space for each dwelling, however not directly situated outside the house it is allocated to, but instead, in front of a nearby house. This has caused much social friction, using Police time and resources.

The nearby city of Plymouth has seen much new housing development, again, with inadequate parking, causing both social stress and vehicles parked on pavements, grassed areas and neighbouring streets. In Cheltenham High Street a significant development is being built right now, with one parking space for every two dwellings. The problems to come can only be imagined.

If we are soon to have plug in electric vehicles, suitable allocated parking is likely to be increasingly important or vital. How is it possible that Planning Authorities can be so short sighted to allow development without ample parking? I have never heard of excess parking provision being a problem, but inadequate parking will always be.

Jeromy Rowett

Skiing that’s up my street

I read the story by Patrick Kinsella about taking the family skiing (Nov/Dec issue). It was so interesting. Many years ago I tried downhill skiing. Did it go well? Well it was a very halting progress (mainly sitting on the snow).

Fast forward about 30 years and a mate, Tony, invited me go skiing with him. He said that it was Cross Country Skiing (XC for short). There are very few tracks in Britain so without any practice we had a holiday in Seefeld (Austrian Tyrol). The skis were different to downhill ones; longer, thinner and lighter, the boots were like basketball boots, nothing clunky, the poles were much longer than downhill poles. The runs, like downhill, were graded from blue (easy) through red to black (off piste or much harder).

I soon was able to stand up without wobbling and managed to complete a circuit of a track (loipen) called the Lenerweise. Then it was a trip out to through the forest to a local village. That was a bit harder, a couple of falls, but no refusals. The following day the lessons started. By the second day through the guidance of our tutor we had progressed to snowplough turns and negotiating hills-skiing both up and down them. Then Tony announced that we should have an extra day's lessons. That extra day was interesting. About 60 pupils, their tutors, and the boss of the XC ski school. We skied off piste down through forests in a local valley called the Gaistal. I found out much later that that was a black run and it was off-piste. I realized that in winter I could not walk there, but our skis made a slight indentation in the snow. We skied past the Zugspitze (Germany's highest mountain) and an avalanche slope (so that was why the instructors all had satellite phones). Moving relatively silently we came across wildlife. The loipen go past the bars and restaurants, but we only stop at the really good ones! I had found the a form of skiing that has existed for thousands of years. Just up my street (or is it loipen?).

On other XC ski trips I have ventured further afield from Seefeld to Mittenwald (Germany) through a hole in the border fence between Austria and Germany and other local villages. After seeing a film in the Swiss Transport Museum in Luzern, I took part with about 10,000 other skiers (including about 30 from GB) in the Engadin Cross Country Ski Marathon. It was sunny, if slightly cold (-17C first thing in the morning).

I 'normally' wear light weight clothing such as jogging bottoms, two or three layers including a lightweight jacket, really flexible gloves and a woollen hat. You may want take a drink with you. You only require a village pass (which is usually free from either the tourist office or/and hotel) that allows you ski on the tracks in the area (Seefeld has about 200km).

For families who have members that don't want to do downhill skiing, Seefeld has kilometres of Cross Country tracks and cleared footpaths.

Allan S Carter

Best places to ski with children

Emissions: WLTP or NEDC?

I was reading the latest edition of Boundless and noticed you printed out of date, wildly inaccurate old NEDC fuel economy figures. You should be aware that the law changed in January this year to make fuel economy figures be set by WLTP only. This resulted in the accurate true economy figures of around 15-20% less being published in all documentation. The CO2 figures are still inaccurate using NEDC until next year when they too switch to WLTP and will rise by about the same 15 – 20%.

The problem with printing this inaccurate information is a buyer could easily be misled reading your article on the 320D seeing 67.3 mpg when an equivalent Mercedes C220D only returns 51.4mpg. Obviously it isn’t true, the BMW you printed as 67.3mpg actually only gets 53.3 mpg if you had used the correct information. You also did the same with a few other cars.

Bryan Pearson

Our motoring reviewer's reply

I am grateful to you for reading the car reviews so carefully. You are right, we should have stated clearly which figure was being used, NEDC or WLTP. In the following issue, written at the end of February, I was careful to do just that. At the time of going to press with the BMW review in early January, its WLTP figure wasn’t published.

Yes, as you know, currently manufacturers are testing new cars by the WLTP measure. But they aren’t obliged to quote it, as we are in a transition phase. When they do quote it, I always use it. Worse, when manufacturers now quote an NEDC figure on a new model, it’s not a real NEDC figure at all, but one that’s been back-calculated from the WLTP test by a somewhat makeshift algorithm. So it’s not really comparable with anything much. It is indeed infuriating.

As you will also know, even the WLTP figure is only a sample, under controlled conditions. Conditions that all vehicles must follow during the test, yes, but conditions that can be very different from different drivers or different journeys in real life. Thus, in your example, the Mercedes C220d might possibly get 51.4mpg by some freakish coincidence on some journey or other, but by the same token might also get anywhere from roughly 35mpg to roughly 60mpg depending on driving style, speed, road and traffic.

I measure the consumption of every tankful I use. I have a spreadsheet going back 25 years, with dozens of cars covering something like 600,000 miles. My own fuel consumption figures are considerably worse than the NEDC (or indeed WLTP) claim. Moreover with the same car the consumption can vary widely – a long gentle motorway run might take me 20 percent further on a litre/gallon than a tankful that was predominantly stuck in London traffic, or driving well loaded through mountainous country.

One thing I’ve learned, incidentally, is that fuel consumption can be pretty accurately predicted without reference to the official figure. Various technical innovations – such as smaller engines with turbochargers, fewer cylinders, or extra gears in the transmission – have been barely able to offset other trends that have a baleful effect on consumption, such as greater weight and wider tyres. What matters for a given size of vehicle is whether its’s a car or a crossover (tall and heavy is worse for fuel), and whether it’s diesel (more economical than petrol) or hybrid (good in town, not on motorways) or plug-in hybrid (good if you plug in, not if you don’t). And do not on any account have a roof rack unless you really need it.

Paul Horrell

Bumper cars

I am writing to you about something which has concerned me for some time. Why is it that all modern cars (approx. 1990s onwards) have plastic painted bumpers that are so easily scraped and cracked? Other alternatives used previously worked much better.

These bumpers do indeed look great painted to match the car's bodywork, but anyone with more than one brain cell can see that bumpers of any type are certain to be scraped or bumped many times during the lifetime of the car, no matter how careful the driver. Every day, we see dozens of vehicles with hideous white scratch marks and cracks to their bumpers, which spoil the whole appearance of the vehicle. Most are left that way indefinitely, because repairs and resprays cost so much that the average owner cannot afford to get them fixed.

The best bumpers were probably the chunky black wraparound plastic ones found on 80s cars such as the Sierra and Escort I used to have. Yes, they look drab, grey and dull when they get old, but they could take a lot of punishment without looking hideous like the modern painted ones do after the slightest damage. The manufacturers should not be allowed to make bumpers so impractical and easily damaged. I think they are taking us all for a ride here. Who is profiting from this?

Martin Yarde

New car reviews for 2018

Nissan Juke gearbox

Has anyone had any problems with their gearbox on a Nissan Juke auto? After driving 17,000 miles in just over three years, my gearbox studded when it changed gear. But, after contacting Nissan, they agreed to replace the whole gearbox – very good after-sales service.

Stuart Crook

Keep calm and carry on driving

The correspondence about peoples’ anger at other road users (Mailbox March/April issue) puts me in mind of a very wise saying, which I have heard attributed to the Buddha: The only person hurt by your anger is yourself. Readers might do well to bear this in mind...

Mike Segal

Compost conundrum

Please reconsider the change of packaging for the magazine. Most councils do not accept this type of material for composting as it does not break down in the high-speed composting processes. For example, Cambridgeshire gives this advice – “Compostable or biodegradable 'plastic' corn starch caddy liners (e.g. BioBag), bio-plastic cups and cutlery (e.g. Vegware or Edenware) cannot be accepted in the green bins, even if they are EN13432 certified or display the compostable seedling logo, as they do not compost quickly enough for our fast composting process.”

Further confirmation can be found at recap.co.uk, which includes the comment “It is important to keep items such as plastic or bio-degradable bags out of your food and garden waste bin as it can mean that whole loads can be rejected or could cost lots of time and money to separate”.

If members follow the advice on the wrapper to place this in the garden waste bin that may lead to complete lorry loads being rejected at the processing plant if an inspection finds inappropriate material within the load.

I hope that you are able to make this change, but in the meantime I urge you to advice members correctly so that these are not placed in garden waste bins.

Don Wildman

Our editor's reply

We very much appreciate your feedback. If you’re unable to put the bag in your food recycling bin or garden waste bin, you can put it in your home compost bin if you have a garden. If not, the bag will compost in ordinary household waste, so there’s still an advantage over ordinary plastic that takes years to break down when buried. You can find more details on our website at boundless.co.uk/compostablewrapper and we remind readers that each council has different requirements.

Women in motorsport

I read with interest the article 'Game-Changing Women in Racing' (March/April issue). But was a little disappointed that it failed to acknowledge the contribution made by the early women pioneers. Ever since men began racing motor cars over a hundred years ago, women have wanted to do the same, they had to fight prejudice and bias in a sport dominated by men.

When in 1907 the first purpose-built motor racing track in the world was opened in Britain at Brooklands, women were banned from racing there. It was nearly 20 years before they were allowed to race against men. One of the earliest pioneers was Dorothy Levitt who won her class in 1903 at the Southport Speed Trials. She went on to be the first woman to become a successful works team driver and find international recognition.

1930 saw the marriage of Tommy Wisdom to Elsie Gleed and the start of one of the most successful and lasting husband-and-wife partnerships in motor racing. Elsie, known as Bill, competed at Brooklands, Le Mans, Mille Miglia and many other events. Post WW2 saw her compete in the Alpine Rally and Monte Carlo Rally. Elsie’s daughter Anne Wisdom was Pat Moss’s co-driver in the event covered in the magazine article. For further reading I recommend the Book Fast Women by John Bullock.

Brian Gleed

I enjoyed reading the article ‘Women in Motorsport’. I was surprised that Lella Lombardi didn’t get a mention. She is the only woman in F1 history to have had a top 6 finish (at the 1975 Spanish GP). I saw her drive in the Race of Champions at Brands Hatch in 1974 and the British GP at Silverstone in 1975. I last saw her at Le Mans in 1976 where she came 2nd in the GTP Class. We need more female drivers in motorsport and, like Vicki Butler-Henderson, I hope this happens soon.

Don Wheeler

Women in motorsport: Desire Wilson, Formula 1 racer

Desire Wilson. Image © Nick Rogers / Daily Mail / REX / Shutterstock

A black mark for my braking?

Following events involving Prince Philip in the Sandringham area, I watched an 86 year old woman on the BBC Breakfast programme describing how she is able to monitor her driving online and gets 100% scores every time. I assume she has the same device fitted to her car that some insurance companies require their customers to have. I like to think I am a good safe driver, but fear that I might score badly if I had one fitted to my car. Some years ago you published a letter from me about issues with the rear discs on the vehicle I drove at the time. They caused the car to fail its MOT test; they weren't worn out...on the contrary they were hardly worn at all and this was the problem. At the time I was in the habit of braking gently and progressively and I discovered that the system allocated all the braking to the front discs in these circumstances so the rear discs had become corroded through lack of use.

To prevent this happening with my current vehicle I have "refined" my driving technique. At various intersections in my local area, which are approached downhill, I find that engine braking has minimal effect on road speed despite lifting off the throttle asap. In the past I would have used my gentle, progressive braking technique: nowadays I brake late and hard with due consideration for other road users, of course. It does put the wind up my wife, though.

I pose the question to your readers... do they think I would get marked down for bad braking habits by one of these gizmos?

David Beale

Automatic gearboxes on icy roads

I recently heard on the radio an expert from the Society of Advanced Motorists advising that in icy or snowy conditions it is always best to engage second gear when starting off in order to gain a better "hold" on the road. As someone with an automatic gearbox, I don't have that option. Plus with the steady increase in electric vehicles, manual gearboxes will become obsolete. Let's hope the winters stay mild.

Ann May

We need the evidence

There is a lot of topical stuff in the Boundless magazine, but far too much of it is opinion and assertion by non-experts. Unless backed up by factual evidence this is valueless (apart from its role in making us laugh – or fume!). Motoring is entering its second-ever period of unprecedented rapid change (the first being the advent of practicable cars over a century ago). Don't get me wrong, I'm enthusiastic about the prospect of electric cars (and even about fleets of self-driving taxis to replace private car ownership, if that ever happens). But in this climate of change actual facts are vital, so please can we have some? Take Robert Llewellyn's piece about EVs as an example. What he says is unconvincing:

"Lifetime costs of EVs are already below those of petrol or diesel." Really? On what assumptions? This is surely untrue for many like me, a retired civil servant with car use below 3000 miles a year. EVs are still very expensive to buy, and the battery packs do not last very long before needing a costly replacement. And when EVs are ubiquitous, what will Government be doing to replace its lost revenue from tax on petrol? Surely these taxes will have to be put onto electric power for EVs instead, or if that's not feasible, put onto the purchase price of EVs?

"Battery technology offering 300 mile range for private cars is nearing commercial production." Great news if true. But is it, and how much will these batteries cost? Getting high-tech stuff out of the lab; cheap enough; and fit for everyday use by consumers is often a ten-year development process. And some early claims about performance are never borne out in everyday use. (Just look at manufacturers' unrealistic figures on MPG for petrol and diesel cars. And that is for a mature technology!).

"The Government should encourage EV use by installing a nationwide easy-access charging point network." This will indeed be necessary but there is a more fundamental issue. Where is all the extra "green" electric power to come from? If all the nation's cars went electric at fairly short notice, the result would be days of regional blackouts and no mobility – as the grid would surely have to introduce a rotating programme of power cuts in order to cope with demand. An awful lot of power stations are near the end of their life. I have no confidence at all in the Government's ability to join up the dots and plan ahead for a future of green electric transport. After all it has made a complete shambles of railway electrification policy, which is a far easier thing to get right.

Nigel Watson

Our editor's reply

Robert Llewellyn’s comments were presented as an interview and represent his views. We hope you find the Future of Motoring feature about EVs and fuel stations, researched by our motoring editor Dan Read, an interesting read.

And you can read more about the topics in these letters:

Learn to ski as a family

Robert Llewellyn on the future of electric cars

Our road trip around the hills of the Lake District

Should you buy electric car: Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV

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